Cook was Lyon's 56th wicket this calendar year, making him the leading wicket-taker in Test cricket in 2017. © AFP

Cook was Lyon’s 56th wicket this calendar year, making him the leading wicket-taker in Test cricket in 2017. © AFP

England lost Alastair Cook and Mark Stoneman, the openers, to take the steam out of the tourists’ confident start to their record run-chase against Australia in the second Ashes Test in Adelaide on Tuesday (December 5).

Nathan Lyon, the in-form offspinner, won a successful leg before wicket review to remove Cook (16), who shared in a 53-run opening stand with Stoneman.

Mitchell Starc then had Stoneman snapped up in the gully for 36 to leave England rocking at 54 for 2, shortly before the dinner break.

England will have to run down a record target of 354 runs to level the Ashes series after bowling Australia out cheaply on the fourth day.

At dinner, England were 68 for 2 with Joe Root, the skipper, shouldering a heavy responsibility on seven and James Vince not out eight ahead of the pivotal final twilight session under lights.

The Australians were knocked over for 138 off 58 overs at tea and, after leading by 215 runs on first innings, pushed their lead past historical proportions at the ground.

The highest winning fourth innings at the Adelaide Oval stands at 315 for 6 by Australia against England in 1902. England’s highest run-chase at the ground is 109, made in 1912.

Cook survived a confident lbw appeal off Josh Hazlewood when he was on one, but the Australians on that occasion did not seek a review and replays showed the ball hitting leg-stump.

Cook was Lyon’s 56th wicket this calendar year, making him the leading wicket-taker in Test cricket in 2017.

James Anderson, England’s all-time leading wicket-taker, took 5 for 43 — his first five-wicket haul in Australia — while Chris Woakes, his fellow-paceman, captured 4 for 36.

Usman Khawaja and Starc were joint top-scorers with just 20 each in Australia’s modest second innings.

England kept the Australians under pressure after they resumed the day at 53 for 4. Lyon, the nightwatchman, hit a couple of fours and was struck on the helmet grille by Stuart Broad before he holed out to mid-off off Anderson for 14 for Tuesday’s first wicket.

Peter Handscomb, the other overnight batsman, struggled before he aimed to steer through the slip cordon, only to be caught by Dawid Malan for 12 in 76 minutes and give Anderson his fourth wicket.

Tim Paine, who scored a half-century in the first innings, was dismissed for 11 top-edging a pull shot off Woakes for Craig Overton to take a splendid sprawling catch running in from fine-leg.

Starc launched a six over midwicket off Moeen Ali before first-innings centurion Marsh was cleaned up by Woakes for 19, ending a 32-run partnership with Starc.

Anderson made a valiant effort to catch Starc on 18, haring down the pitch off his own bowling but he could not hold a difficult two-handed chance as he slid into the stumps, tearing his trousers.

But Anderson got his fifth wicket of the innings when Starc holed out to Moeen for 20.

Hazlewood was the last wicket to fall, caught in the gully off Overton for three, leaving Pat Cummins not out 11.