Dhawan became the first Indian to reach the three-figure mark in the first session of the opening day of a Test. © BCCI

Dhawan became the first Indian to reach the three-figure mark in the first session of the opening day of a Test. © BCCI

Afghanistan’s inaugural Test lasted just two days as India registered a thumping win at the M Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore on Friday (June 15). The victory margin – an innings and 262 runs – is the largest for India in Test cricket. Their previous best was an innings and 239 runs against Bangladesh in Dhaka in 2007.

India’s largest Test victories (by inns)

Margin Opposition Venue Match Date
inns & 262 runs Afghanistan Bangalore June 14, 2018
inns & 239 runs Bangladesh Dhaka May 25, 2007
inns & 239 runs Sri Lanka Nagpur November 24, 2017
inns & 219 runs Australia Kolkata March 18, 1998
inns & 198 runs New Zealand Nagpur November 20, 2010

After opting to bat, hundreds from Shikhar Dhawan and M Vijay set the platform as the hosts posted 474 in their first innings. Dhawan, who bagged Man of the Match award for his 96-ball 107, became the first Indian and the sixth overall to reach the three-figure mark in the first session of the opening day of a Test.

Hundreds before lunch on first day of Test

Batsman Score before lunch Opposition Venue Match Date
Victor Trumper (Aus) 103* England Manchester July 24, 1902
Charlie Macartney (Aus) 112* England Leeds July 10, 1926
Don Bradman (Aus) 105* England Leeds July 11, 1930
Majid Khan (Pak) 108* New Zealand Karachi October 30, 1976
David Warner (Aus) 100* Pakistan Sydney January 3, 2017
Shikhar Dhawan (Ind) 104* Afghanistan Bangalore June 14, 2018

In response, Afghanistan’s first innings lasted just one session as they were bundled out for a mere 109 – the second lowest total for a team in its maiden Test innings.

Lowest total in team’s maiden Test innings

Team Score Opposition Venue Match Date
South Africa 84 England Port Elizabeth March 12, 1889
Afghanistan 109 India Bangalore June 14, 2018
New Zealand 112 England Christchurch January 10, 1930
Ireland 130 Pakistan Dublin (Malahide) May 11, 2018
Pakistan 150 India Delhi October 16, 1952
Afghanistan’s first innings lasted just one session as they were bundled out for a mere 109 – the second lowest total for a team in its maiden Test innings. © BCCI

Afghanistan’s first innings lasted just one session as they were bundled out for a mere 109 – the second lowest total for a team in its maiden Test innings. © BCCI

Being asked to follow on, Afghanistan were once again dismissed for a paltry 103 in the last session of the day, thus becoming only the third team – after India and Zimbabwe (twice) – to be bowled out twice in a single day.

Bowled out twice in one day

Team Opposition Venue Match Date
India (58 & 82) England Manchester July 17, 1952
Zimbabwe (59 & 99) New Zealand Harare August 7, 2005
Zimbabwe (51 & 143) New Zealand Napier January 26, 2012
Afghanistan (109 & 103) India Bangalore June 14, 2018

In all, 24 wickets fell on the second day – the most in a day’s play in the last 116 years and the joint third-most ever.

Most wickets in a single day

Team 1 Team 2 Total wickets Venue Match Date
England (17) Australia (10) 27 Lord’s July 16, 1888
Australia (15) England (10) 25 Melbourne January 1, 1902
England (14) Australia (10) 24 The Oval August 10, 1896
India (4) Afghanistan (20) 24 Bangalore June 14, 2018
South Africa (11) Australia (12) 23 Cape Town November 9, 2011

Afghanistan could manage only 212 runs in the whole Test, the lowest for a Test nation on debut. The previous lowest was 213 by South Africa in their inaugural Test against England in Port Elizabeth in 1889.

Also, 212 is the least number runs conceded by India for a Test victory, improving their previous best of 230 against England in Leeds in 1986 by 18 runs.

Least runs conceded by India for a Test win

Opposition Runs Venue Match Date
Afghanistan 212 Bangalore June 14, 2018
England 230 Leeds June 19, 1986
New Zealand 241 Auckland March 7, 1968
South Africa 264 Nagpur November 25, 2015
South Africa 264 Delhi December 3, 2015

Although no Indian bowler managed a five-wicket haul, R Ashwin took his Test wicket tally to 316, going past Zaheer Khan (311). He is now behind only Anil Kumble (619), Kapil Dev (434), and Harbhajan Singh (417) among India’s highest wicket-takers. Ishant Sharma (238) too crossed Javagal Srinath’s (236) haul and is eighth on the list, while Umesh Yadav (103) became the 22nd Indian to reach the 100-wicket landmark.